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COVID-19 prevention


There are many things you can do to prevent the spread of COVID-19 in your community.

Proper hand washing

Practice proper hand washing to prevent the spread of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

The best protection is proper hand washing, including before and after you eat your meals. Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Using soap and water is the single most effective way of reducing the spread of infection. You can use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available.

Avoid touching your face

Avoid touching your face to prevent the spread of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

Avoid touching your face, eyes, mouth and nose prior to washing your hands.

Practice good cough and sneeze etiquette

Practice good cough and sneeze etiquette to prevent the spread of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)
Always cover your mouth and nose with a tissue. Throw the used tissue into a garbage can and then wash your hands. If you don't have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your sleeve.

Stay home

Stay home if you are ill, have symptoms of flu such as a fever or cough to prevent the spread of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

If you are ill, have symptoms of flu such as a fever or cough, you should stay home.

Wear a mask if you are sick

Wear a mask if you are sick to prevent the spread of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

Masks should be used by sick people to prevent transmission to others. The mask acts as a barrier and helps stop droplets from spreading when you cough or sneeze. If you are sick you should stay at home. If you need to leave your home, please wear a mask.

If you are not sick, wearing a non-medical mask or cloth face covering while in a public place is an additional measure that people can take to prevent the spread of the coronavirus.  Particularly when it is difficult to keep a safe physical distance for an extended period of time - for example, when you are on transit - non medical or cloth face coverings are a good way to protect those around you. There is evidence that the coronavirus may be spread before people realize they have symptoms, and wearing a mask in public may help protect others, especially in situations where physical distancing is difficult to maintain.

However, masks may give a false sense of security and are likely to increase the number of times a person will touch their own face (e.g., to adjust the mask). Face coverings keep our own droplets in but may not prevent transmission from others. The best way for you to stay safe is to wash your hands, maintain physical distance from others and keep the provincial guidelines for social interactions top of mind. 

Please avoid wearing a medical mask if you are not sick, as these are needed by health-care workers.

Practice physical distancing

Make changes in your routines in order to minimize close contact with others, such:

Practice physical distancing to prevent the spread of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

  • Avoid crowded places and non-essential gatherings

  • Avoid common greetings, such as handshakes

  • Limiting contact with people at higher risk (e.g. older adults and those in poor health)

  • Keeping a distance of at least 2 arms lengths (approximately 2 metres) from others, as much as possible

For more information on healthy practices, visit our Sneezes and Diseases website.


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SOURCE: COVID-19 prevention ( )
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